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Sandra Gordon-Salant, Ph.D.

Lab Director and Professor

Sandra Gordon-Salant, Ph.D. is Professor and Director of the Doctoral Program in Clinical Audiology in the Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences.  She earned her Ph.D. in Audiology at Northwestern University. She has served as Editor of the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Associate Editor of the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America – Express Letters, and member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Committees on Disability Determination for Individuals with Hearing Impairments and Medical Evaluation of Veterans for Disability Determination.  Her research interests include the effects of aging and hearing loss on auditory processes, as well as signal enhancement devices for hearing-impaired listeners.  She has published 75 articles and book chapters, primarily on the topic of age-related hearing loss and speech understanding problems of older people.  She is the senior editor of the book, The Aging Auditory System.  Dr. Gordon-Salant is a Fellow of ASHA and of the Acoustical Society of America.  She received the prestigious James Jerger Career Award for Research in Audiology from the American Academy of Audiology in 2009 and the Al Kawana Award for lifetime achievement in publications from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association in 2013.  Her research has been supported by the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health since 1986.  

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Publications

Books edited

Gordon-Salant, S., & Frisina, R.  (Eds.) (2010).  The Aging Auditory System: Perceptual Characterization and Neural Bases of Presbycusis.  Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. 

Chapters in books 

  1. Gordon-Salant, S. (1987).  Basic hearing evaluation.  In Mueller, H. G. & V. C. 
  2. Geoffrey (Eds.), Communication Disorders in Aging, Gallaudet College Press.
  3. Gordon-Salant, S. (1991). Audiological Assessment: Behavioral. In Ripich, D. (Ed.), Handbook of Geriatric Communication Disorders, Pro-Ed, p. 367-394. 
  4. Gordon-Salant, S. (1991). Special amplification considerations for elderly individuals.  In Studebaker, G., Bess, F., & Beck, L. (Eds.), The Vanderbilt Hearing Aid Report - II, York Press,  Inc., p. 245-259.
  5. Brant, L.J., Metter, E.J., Gordon-Salant, S., Pearson, J.D., & Fozard, J.L. (1992).  Modifiable factors affecting age-related hearing loss.  In Bouma, H., & Graafmans, J.A.M. (Eds.). Gerontechnology Series: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 3, 265-270.
  6. Fozard, J.L., Schieber, F., Gordon-Salant, S., & Weiffenbach,  J. (1993).  Sensory and perceptual considerations in designing environments for the elderly.  Life-span Design of Residential Environments for an Aging Population.  Washington, DC: American Association of Retired Persons.
  7. Gordon-Salant, S. (1996).  Hearing,  In Birren, J.E. (Ed.),  Encyclopedia of Gerontology: Age, Aging, and the Aged, San Diego: Academic Press, Inc., 643-653. 
  8. Fozard, J.L. & Gordon-Salant, S.(2001). Sensory and perceptual changes with aging.  In Birren, J.E. & Schaie, K.W. (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, Fifth Edition, San Diego: Academic Press, Inc., 241 - 266.
  9. Gordon-Salant, S. (2002). Hearing.  In Ekerdt, D.J., Applebaum, R.A., Holden, K.C., Post, S.G., Rockwood, K., Schulz, R., Sprott, R.L., & Uhlenberg, P. (Eds.).  The Encyclopedia of Aging, New York: Macmillan Reference USA. 
  10. Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2010).  Behavioral studies with aging humans – psychoacoustics. In Gordon-Salant, S., & Frisina, R. (Eds.).  The Aging Auditory System: Perceptual Characterization and Neural Bases of Presbycusis. New York: Springer.
  11. Gordon-Salant, S., & Frisina, R.  (2010).  Introduction and overview.  In Gordon-Salant, S., & Frisina, R. (Eds.).  The Aging Auditory System: Perceptual Characterization and Neural Bases of Presbycusis. New York: Springer.
  12. Gordon-Salant, S. Aging, hearing loss and speech understanding: Stop shouting, I can’t understand you.  In Popper, A., & Fay, R.R. (Eds). (2014). Auditory Neuroscience: Perspectives and Prospectives, New York: Springer, pp. 211-228.

Articles in Referred Journals

  1. Gordon-Salant, S., & Wightman, F.L. (1983).  Speech competition effects on synthetic stop-vowel perception by normal and hearing impaired listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 73, 17561765. View Article

  2. Gordon-Salant, S. (1984).  Effects of reducing low frequency amplification on consonant perception in quiet and noise.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27, 483493.View Article

  3. Gordon-Salant, S. (1985).  Phoneme feature perception in noise by normal hearing and hearing impaired listeners. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 28, 8795.View Article

  4. Gordon-Salant, S. (1985).  Recognition of digitized CV syllables in multitalker babble. Audiology, 24, 241253. View Article

  5. Gordon-Salant, S. (1985).  Some perceptual properties of consonants in multitalker babble backgrounds.  Perception and Psychophysics, 38, 8190.
     View Article

  6. Gordon-Salant, S. (1986).  Effects of aging on response criteria in speech recognition tasks. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 29, 155162. View Article

  7. Gordon-Salant, S. (1986).  Recognition of natural and time/intensity altered CVs by young and elderly subjects with normal hearing.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 80, 1599-607. View Article

  8. Fitzgibbons, P. J. & Gordon-Salant, S.  (1987). Temporal gap resolution in listeners with high frequency sensorineural hearing loss.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 81, 133137. View Article

  9. Gordon-Salant, S. (1987)  Effects of acoustic modification on consonant perception by elderly hearing impaired subjects.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 81, 11991202. View Article

  10. Fitzgibbons, P. J. & Gordon-Salant, S. (1987).  Minimum stimulus levels for temporal gap resolution in listeners with sensorineural hearing loss.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 81, 15421545. View Article

  11.  Gordon-Salant, S. (1987).  Consonant recognition and consonant confusion patterns among elderly hearing impaired subjects.  Ear and Hearing, 8, 270276. View Article

  12. Gordon-Salant, S. (1987).  Age-related changes in speech recognition performance as a function of test material and paradigm.  Ear and Hearing, 8, 277282. View Article   

  13. Shipley-Brown, F., Dingwall, W., Berlin, C., Yeni-Komshian, G., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1988). Hemispheric processing of affective and linguistic intonation contours in normal subjects.  Brain and Language, 33, 1626.

  14. Gordon-Salant, S., Bialostozky, F., Lichtenstein, M., Stach, B., & Weinstein, B. (1991).  Hearing impairment in aged people. Audiology Today, 3, 17 - 20.

  15. Schieber, F., Fozard, J., Gordon-Salant, S., & Weiffenbach, J. (1991).  Optimizing sensation and perception in older adults. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 7, 133-162. View Article

  16. Gordon-Salant, S., & Sherlock, G. (1992).  Performance of elderly hearing-impaired people with a multiband signal processing hearing aid.  Ear and Hearing, 13, 255-262. View Article

  17. Humes, LE., Diefendorf, A., Hipskind, N., Barlow, N., Cokely, C., Garner, D., Stelmachowicz, P., Fowler, C., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1992).  Alternatives to Au.D. degrees. Audiology Today, 4, 14-15.

  18. Humes, L., Diefendorf, A., Stelmachowicz, P., Fowler, C., & Gordon-Salant, S.  (1993). Graduate education in audiology: We agree with the diagnosis, but not the treatment. American Journal of Audiology, 2, 48 - 50. View Article

  19. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1993). Temporal factors and speech recognition performance in young and elderly listeners.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 1276 - 1285.  View Article

  20. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1994).  Age effects on measures of auditory temporal sensitivity.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 37, 662-670. View Article

  21. Phillips, S., Gordon-Salant, S., Fitzgibbons, P., & Yeni-Komshian, G. (1994)  Auditory duration discrimination in young and elderly listeners with normal hearing.  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 5, 210-215. View Article

  22. Gordon-Salant, S., Lantz, J., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1994). Age effects on measures of hearing handicap.  Ear and Hearing, 15, 262-265.  View Article

  23. Pearson, J.D., Morrell, C., Gordon-Salant, S., Brant, L., & Fozard, J.L. (1995).  Gender differences in a longitudinal study of age-associated hearing loss.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, 1196-1205.  View Article

  24. Hargus, S.E., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1995). Accuracy of speech intelligibility index predictionsfor noise-masked young normal listeners and for elderly hearing impaired listeners.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 38, 234-243.  View Article

  25. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1995). Comparing recognition of distorted speech using an equivalent signal-to-noise ratio index.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 38, 706-713. View Article      

  26. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1995). Recognition of multiply degraded speech by young and elderly listeners. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 38, 1150-1156. View Article

  27. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1995). Duration discrimination with simple and complex stimuli: Effects of age and hearing sensitivity.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of  America, 98, 3140-3145.  View Article

  28. Brant, L., Gordon-Salant, S., Pearson, J., Klein, L., Morrell, C., Metter, E.J., & Fozard, J. (1996). Risk factors related to age-associated hearing loss.  Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 7, 152-160.  View Article

  29. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1996).  Auditory temporal processing in elderly listeners: Speech and non-speech signals. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 7, 183-189. View Article

  30. Morrell, C., Gordon-Salant, S., Pearson, J., Brant, L., & Fozard, J.L. (1996). Age- and gender-specific reference ranges for hearing level and longitudinal changes in hearing level.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100, 1949-1967.  View Article

  31. Morrell, C.H., Pearson, J.D., Brant, L.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1997). Construction of hearing percentiles in women with non-constant variance from the linear mixed-effects model. Statistics in Medicine, 16, 2475-2488.  View Article

  32. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1997). Selected cognitive factors and speech recognition performance among young and elderly listeners. Journal of Speech, Language,  Hearing Research, 40, 423-431. View Article

  33. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1998).  Auditory temporal order perception in younger and older adults.  Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 41, 1052-1060.  View Article

  34. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (1999). Profile of auditory temporal processing in older listeners. Journal of Speech,   Language, and Hearing Research, 42, 300 - 311. View Article

  35. Phillips, S., Gordon-Salant, S., Fitzgibbons, P., & Yeni-Komshian, G.  (2000). Frequency and temporal resolution in elderly listeners with good and poor word recognition. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 43, 217 - 228. View Article

  36. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (2001).  Sources of age-related difficulty for time-compressed speech,Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 709-719.  View Article

  37. Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2001). Aging and temporal discrimination in auditory sequences. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 109, 2955-2963.  View Article

  38. Bar-Haim, Y., Marshall, P.J., Fox, N.A., Schorr, E., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2003). Mismatch negativity in socially withdrawn children. Biological Psychiatry, 54, 17-24. View Article

  39. Gordon-Salant, S., & Fitzgibbons, P. (2004).  Effects of stimulus and noise rate variability on speech perception by younger and older adults. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 115, 1808 – 1817.  View Article

  40. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S.  (2004).  Age effects on discrimination of timing in auditory sequences Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116, 1126 – 1134.  View Article

  41. Gordon-Salant, S., & Leek, M. (2004).  Hearing Loss.  Acoustical Society of America (invited article published online at http://www.acoustics.org, May, 2004). View Link

  42. Gordon-Salant, S. (2006). Hearing loss and aging: New research findings and clinical implications.” Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 42, 9-23. View Article

  43. Gordon-Salant, S. Yeni-Komshian, G., Fitzgibbons, P., & Barrett, J.  (2006).  Age-related differences in identification and discrimination of temporal cues in speech segments, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119, 2455-2466. View Article

  44. Fitzgibbons, P.,  Gordon-Salant, S., & Friedman, S.  (2006). Effects of age and sequence presentation rate on temporal order recognition. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, 991-999. DOI: 10.1121/1.2214463.  View Article

  45. Gordon-Salant, S.  (2006). Speech perception and auditory temporal processing performance by older listeners: implications for real-world communication.  Seminars in Hearing, 27, 264- 268. DOI: 10.1121/1.2171527 View Article

  46. Gordon-Salant, S., Fitzgibbons, P., & Friedman, S. (2007). Recognition of time-compressed and natural speech with selective temporal enhancementsby young and elderly listeners. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research , 50, 1181-1193.  View Article

  47. Fitzgibbons, P., Gordon-Salant, S., & Barrett, J.  (2007).  Age-related differences in discrimination of an interval separating onsets of successive tone bursts as a function of interval duration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 458-466.  View Article

  48. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G., & Fitzgibbons, P. (2008). The role of temporal cues in word identification by younger and older adults: Effects of sentence context. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 124, 3249-3260. DOI: 10.1121/1.2982409.  View Article

  49. Schvartz, K., Chatterjee, M., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2008). Recognition of spectrally degraded phonemes by younger, middle-aged, and older normal-hearing listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , 124, 3972 – 3988. DOI: 10.1121/1.2997434. View Article

  50. Gordon-Salant, S., & Callahan, J. (2009). The benefits of hearing aids and closed captioning for television viewing by older adults with hearing loss. Ear and Hearing, 30, 458-465. View Article

  51. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., & Fitzgibbons, P.J. (2010). Recognition of accented English in quiet by younger normal-hearing listeners and older listeners with normal hearing and hearing loss. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 128, 444-455. DOI: 10.1121/1.3397409.  View Article

  52. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2010). Age-related differences in discrimination of temporal intervals in accented tone sequences. Hearing Research, 264, 41-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2009.11.00.  View Article

  53. Nakamura, K., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2011). Speech perception in noise by Japanese listeners using the HINT and the Japanese-HINT, Ear and Hearing 32, 121-131. DOI: 10.1097/AUD.0b013e3181eccdb2 View Article

  54. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Schurman, J. (2010). Short-term adaptation to accented English by younger and older listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (Express Letters), 128, EL200-EL204 . DOI: 10.1121/1.3486199View Article

  55. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., & Fitzgibbons, P.J (2010). Perception of accented English in quiet and noise by younger and older listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128, 3152-3160. DOI: 10.1121/1.3495940View Article

  56. Gordon-Salant, S., & Friedman, S.H. (2011). Recognition of rapid speech by blind and sighted older adults.  Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 54. 622-631. DOI:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/10-0052)  View Article

  57. Fitzgibbons, P., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2011). Effects of interval repetition in tonal sequences on temporal discrimination by younger and older listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129, 1490-1500. DOI: 10.1121/1.3533728.   View Article

  58. Lin, F., Thorpe, R., Gordon-Salant, S., & Ferrucci, L. (2011). Hearing loss prevalence and risk factors among older adults in the United States. Journal of Gerontology A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 66A, 582-590. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glr002.  View Article

  59. Gordon-Salant, S., Fitzgibbons, P., & Yeni-Komshian, G.H. (2011). Auditory temporal processing and aging: Implications for speech understanding of older people. Audiology Research 1, 9-15. View Article

  60. Veneman, C., Gordon-Salant, S., Matthews, L.J., & Dubno, J. (2013). Age and measurement time-of-day effects on speech recognition in Noise. Ear and Hearing, 34, 288-299.  View Article

  61. Humes, L.E., Dubno, J.R., Gordon-Salant, S., Lister, J., Cacace, T., Cruickshanks, K., Gates, G., Wilson, R., & Wingfield, A. (2012). Central presbycusis: A review and evaluation of the evidence. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 23, 635-666. DOI: 10.3766/jaaa.23.8.5. View Article

  62. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., Fitzgibbons, P.J., Cohen, J.I., & Waldroup, C. (2013).  Recognition of accented and unaccented speech in different maskers by younger and older listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134, 618-627.  DOI: 10.1121/1.4807817 View Article

  63. King, K.A., Gordon-Salant, S., Yanjanin, N., Zalewski, C., Houser, A., Porter, F., & Brewer, C.C. (2013). Auditory phenotype of Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C. Ear and Hearing, Publication-Ahead-of-Press, (November), pp. 1-8. View Article

  64. King, K. A., Gordon-Salant, S., Pawlowski, K. S., Taylor, A. M., Griffith, A. J., Houser, A., ... & Brewer, C. C. (2014). Hearing Loss is an Early Consequence of Npc1 Gene Deletion in the Mouse Model of Niemann–Pick Disease, Type C. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 1-13. View Article

  65. Gordon-Salant, S., Zion, D., &  Espy-Wilson, C.  (2014).  Recognition of time-compress speech does not predict recognition of natural-fast speech sentences b older listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America -- Express Letters, 136, EL 268-274. View Article

  66. Schurman, J., Brungart, D., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2014). Effects of masker type, sentence context, and listener age on speech recognition performance in 1-back listening tasks. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 136, 3337-3349. View Article

  67. Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2015). Age effects in discrimination of intervals within rhythmic tone sequences, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137, 388-396. View Article

  68. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Cohen, J.I. (2015). Effects of talker accent and age on recognition of multisyllabic words. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137, 884-897. View Article

  69. Gordon-Salant, S., Yeni-Komshian, G.H., Pickett, E.*, & Fitzgibbons, P.J. (2016). Perception of contrastive bi-syllabic lexical stress in unaccented and accented words by younger and older listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 139, 1132-1148. DOI: 10.1121/1.4943557. View Article

  70. Gordon-Salant, S., & Cole, S.S. (2016). Effects of age and working memory capacity on speech recognition performance in noise among listeners with normal hearing. Ear and Hearing,37,593-602. DOI: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000316 . View Article

  71. Fitzgibbons, P.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2016). Age effects in discrimination of intervals within accented tone sequences differing in accent type and sequence presentation rate.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 140, 3819-3826.

  72.   Miller, J.D., Watson, C.S., Leek, M.R., Dubno, J.R., Wark, D.J., Souza, P.E., Gordon-Salant, S., & Ahlstrom, J. (2017).  Syllable-constituent perception by hearing-aid users: Common factors in quiet and noise.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141, 2933-2946. View Article

  73.   Bieber, R., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2017). Adaptation to foreign-accented speech: Influence of aging and hearing loss.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 141, 2800-2011. View Article

  74. Cohen, J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (2017).  The effect of visual distraction on auditory-visual speech perception by younger and older listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America –  Express Letters 141, EL470 – EL476. View Article

  75. Goupell, M., Gaskins, C., Shader, M.J., Walter, E.P., Anderson, S., & Gordon-Salant, S. Age-related differences in the processing of temporal envelope and spectral cues in a speech  segment.  Ear and Hearing (in press). View Article

Monographs, Reports, and Extension Publications.

  1. Gordon-Salant, S.  (1982).  Assessing speech recognition in noise by hearing impaired listeners: a review of clinical and research findings.  Working Papers in Biocommunication, Vol. III, College Park, MD: University of Maryland.
  2. Gordon-Salant, S. (1986).  Effects of consonantvowel ratio and consonant duration enhancements on syllable recognition by young and elderly listeners with normal hearing. Working Papers in Biocommunication, Vol. VII, College Park, MD: U. of Maryland.
  3. Cohen, M.A., Tano, A.K., Gordon-Salant, S., Espy-Wilson, C. (2012).  Time modification  techniques to improve speech intelligibility for older hearing aid users. MERIT BIEN 2012. Final Report: University of Maryland.

Proceedings, Other Articles, and Notes.

  1. ASHA Committee on Audiologic Evaluation (CAE; SGS Chair)  Working Group on Electroacoustic Characteristics (1987).  Calibration of speech signals delivered via earphones. Asha, 29, 4448. 
  2. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair) (1988).  Guidelines for determining the threshold level for speech. Asha, 30, 8589. 
  3. ASHA CAE(SGS Chair)  Working Group on Acoustic Immittance Measures (1988). Tympanometry.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 53, 354377. 
  4. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair)  Working Group on Auditory Evoked Potential Measurements (1988).  Tutorial: The Short Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials. Rockville: ASHA, p. 1-39.  
  5. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair). (1989). Report on telephone hearing screening.  Asha, 30, 53. 
  6. ASHA CAE(SGS Chair) (1990).  Guidelines for audiometric symbols. Asha, 32 (Supplement 2), 25-30. 
  7. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair)  Working Group on Acoustic Immittance Screening (1990). Guidelines for screening of hearing impairment and middle ear disorders. Asha, 32 (Supplement 2), 17-24. 
  8. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair)  Working Group on Auditory Evoked Potential Measurements (1990). Competencies in auditory evoked potential measurement and clinical application. Asha, 32 (Suppl. 2), 13-16. 
  9. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair) Working Group on Sound Field Calibration (1991).  Tutorial: Sound Field Testing. Asha, 33 (Supplement 3), 25-38. 
  10. ASHA CAE (SGS Chair). Bibliography on Acoustic Immittance Measures (1991).  Asha, 33 (Suppl. 4), 1-44. 
  11. Morrell, C.H., Pearson, J.D., Brant, L.J., & Gordon-Salant, S. (1995).  Construction of hearing percentiles with non-constant variance from the linear mixed-effects model. Proceedings of the Biometrics Section of the American Statistical Association. View Article
  12. Gordon-Salant, S. (2009).  ANSI Standards: Alive and well in the graduate audiology classroom.  Acoustics Today, January, 44-46. View Article
  13. Brungart, D., Iyer, N., Thompson, E., Simpson, B., Gordon-Salant, S., Schurman, J., Vogel, C., Grant, K. (2013). Interactions between listening effort and masker type on the energetic and informational masking of speech stimuli. Proceedings of the 21st International Congress on Acoustics. View Article